In 1972, the country of Rhodesia - as Zimbabwe was then known – was in the middle of a long-simmering struggle for independence from British colonial rule. In the hotels and nightclubs of the capital, bands could make a living playing a mix of Afro-Rock, Cha-Cha-Cha and Congolese Rumba. But as the desire for independence grew stronger, a number of Zimbabwean musicians began to look to their own culture for inspiration.
They began to emulate the staccato sound and looping melodies of the mbira (thumb piano)
on their electric guitars, and to replicate the insistent shaker rhythms on the hi-hat; they
also started to sing in the Shona language and to add overtly political messages to their lyrics
(safe in the knowledge that the predominantly white minority government wouldn't
understand them). From this collision of electric instruments and indigenous traditions, a new
style of Zimbabwean popular music - later known as Chimurenga, from the Shona word for
'struggle' – was born. And there were few bands more essential to the development of this
music than the Hallelujah Chicken Run Band.
The band came into being when a young trumpet player named Daram Karanga offered
to assemble a group to entertain the workers at a copper mine in the town of Mhangura. The
original line-up – which included legendary singer Thomas Mapfumo, who would bring the
sounds of Chimurenga to the world in the early 1980s with his band the Blacks Unlimited, and
Joshua Hlomayi, one of the pioneers of mbira-style guitar – started out playing the Rumba and
Afro-Rock styles popular in the capital. Although this was a hit with the white owners of the
mine, the workers greeted it with indifference. But when they started adding electric
arrangements of traditional Shona music to their repertoire, the audience went wild.
With the addition of "Zim" sounds to their arsenal, the HCR Band became unstoppable. Their
reputation spread quickly and, in 1974, they were invited to the capital to compete in a
national music contest organised by the South-African Teal label. Not only did they win the
competition, but they also attracted the attention of famed producer Crispen Matema, who
quickly organised their first recording sessions. On their first day at Jameson House studios,
they recorded half a dozen songs, including Ngoma Yarira and Murembo, two singles that
would alter the course of Zimbabwean popular music.
During the next five years, the band would relocate from their small mining town to the capital
city, go through numerous line-up changes and pay a few more visits to the recording studio,
without ever losing the raucous urgency that had transformed them from popular entertainers
into titans of Zimbabwean culture. Take One collects the HCR Band's biggest hits along with several rare tracks recorded between 1974 and 1979, all painstakingly remastered from original master tapes and vinyl sources; originally released on CD by Analog Africa in 2006, this essential music is now available on LP for the first time since the 1970s.